<p>National Flag and National Emblem of Sri Lanka
</p><p>National Bird in Sri Lanka - Jungle Fowl
</p><p>National Animal in Sri Lanka - Giant Squirrel
</p><p>National Flower in Sri Lanka - Blue Water Lily
</p><p>National Tree in Sri Lanka - Na Tree
</p><p>National Game in Sri Lanka - Volley Ball
</p><p>National Gem in Sri Lanka - Blue Sapphire
</p><p>Sri Lanka First Capital - Anuradapura
</p><p>Sri Lanka Second Capital - Polonnaruwa
</p><p>Sri Lanka Last Kingdom - Kandy</p>

Climate of Sri Lanka


The climate of Sri Lanka can be described as tropical and warm. Its position between 5 and 10 north latitude endows the country with a warm climate moderated by ocean winds and considerable moisture. The mean temperature ranges from about 16 °C (61 °F) in the Central Highlands, where frost may occur for several days in the winter, to a maximum of approximately 33 °C (91 °F) in other low-altitude areas. May, the hottest period, precedes the summer monsoon rains. The rainfall pattern is influenced by monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon is from December to January.

Sri Lanka climate is ideal for holiday-makers throughout the year.Between December to March, monsoon winds come from the northeast, bringing moisture from the Bay of Bengal. Humidity is typically higher in the southwest and mountainous areas and depends on the seasonal patterns of rainfall, and places like Colombo experience daytime humidity above 70% all year round, rising to almost 90% during the monsoon season in June. Anuradhapura experiences a daytime low of 60% during the monsoon month of March, but a high of 79% during the November and December rains. In the highlands, Kandy's daytime humidity usually ranges between 70% and 79%.

The mountains and the southwestern part of the country, known as the "wet zone", receive ample rainfall at an average of 2,500 mm (98 in). In the wet zone, the dominant vegetation of the lowlands is a tropical evergreen forest, with tall trees, broad foliage, and a dense undergrowth of vines and creepers. Subtropical evergreen forests resembling those of temperate climates flourish in the higher altitudes. Forests at one time covered nearly the entire island, but by the late 20th century lands classified as forests and forest reserves covered around ⅓ of the land. Most of the east, southeast, and northern parts of the country comprise the "dry zone", which receives between 1,200 mm (47 in) and 1,900 mm (75 in) of rain annually. Much of the rain in these areas falls from October to January; during the rest of the year there is very little precipitation. The arid northwest and southeast coasts receive the least amount of rain at 600 mm (24 in) to 1,200 mm (47 in) per year.sri-lanka-weather

Sri Lanka Weather Pattern

sri-lanka-rainfall-rain-wet

 Sri Lanka - Colombo, Galle and Kandy Rain Fall 

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